On March 30, 2018, Attorney General Sessions issued an order addressing requests from both parties in a case he had previously referred to himself for review. The parties had been asked to submit briefs and schedules for initial, amici and reply briefs had been set.
However, respondent requested an extension of the deadline for submitting initial briefs and, 3 days later, DHS moved to: 1)suspend the briefing schedules to allow the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA or Board) to rule on the certification order of the Immigration Judge (IJ), 2)clarify the question presented, and 3)extend the deadline for submitting its initial brief. Respondent then filed a request for the same relief.
In his order, the Attorney General (AG) first stated that certification from the IJ was “not properly pending before the Board”, claiming the IJ had not acted within his authority as delineated by the controlling regulations as he had not issued a “decision” on remand that could be certified to the BIA.
The AG also denied DHS’s request to clarify the question presented, stating that he had requested briefing on whether, and under what circumstances, being a victim of private criminal activity constitutes a cognizable “particular social group” (PSG) for asylum or withholding of removal purposes. Noting that he had invited the parties and interested amici to brief the relevant points, the AG declared that if being a victim of private criminal activity qualifies one as a PSG member, “the briefs should identify such situations” or explain why such situations do not exist. Observing that DHS was requesting clarification because “this question has already been answered at least in part, by the Board”, AG Sessions held that “Board precedent…does not bind my ultimate decision in this matter”, citing to INA §103(a)(1). He then gave new duties for the filing of initial, amici, and reply briefs, holding that no further requests for extensions would be granted.
Matter of A-B-, 27 I&N 247 (A.G. 2018)
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